How to understand Bitcoins?

Welcome to i’m Your Target Demographic and today I’m getting to attempt to explain something that’s a touch confusing and somethingI’m not an expert in, so inspect the comments for any clarification or errors. 


I’ll try my best. the thought of cryptocurrency has been around since the 1980s, how to spend and earn money without a financial institution and available worldwide. We’re getting to talk mostly about bitcoin today but there are 100s, maybe even 1000s, of various brands of cryptocurrency that are more or less similar. Bitcoin as a brand was started in 2009 byan online personality called Satoshi Nakamoto, which may be a pseudonym for either one mystery person or a gaggle of users, to the present day nobody knows. 


This user created a decentralized process for transferring money, with none bank or central system. you’ll purchase bitcoin with any currency and then you’ve got total freedom the way to use it. 


Once you buy a service or pay an individual,your transaction is logged into a public ledger, something available to the planet to ascertain. There are people that are constantly validating these transactions, ensuring that the users have the funds available and ensuring that the transaction was approved by the sender.


This is often a really complicated process and one that can make your head spin if you go too far into it, but I’ll attempt to explain it simply. 


Again, there’s no bank covering these transactions,so it’s all up to the individuals to trace their payments on this ledger. But anyone can edit this public ledger, soyou need to take care or someone could just say “So then pays me $200.” to form sure that doesn’t happen, layers upon layers of security are built and are maintained by people called miners, who work tirelessly to validate the safety layers in situ and validate the transactions. 


Each transaction features a public key and a private key, which is suggested to vary for various transactions. Only the one that knows the private key can authorize payments, so nobody else can claim to be them. It’s almost like an electronic signature of sorts. 


Each transaction also has an identifier, meaning you can’t copy the message multiple times and hope to urge multiple payments. 


If I authorize a payment, it’s only good for that transaction. If you lose this private key, it won’t allow anyone to access the funds and they’re essentially lost. One user lost over $7 million dollars because of a lost key.


This technique is additionally fairly anonymous, in the way that you simply have a bitcoin address but it’s not necessarily tied to your real name. they will track payments, which suggests it’s technically not anonymous but more pseudonymous, meaning people can track the account but not necessarily who it belongs to. 


More and more bitcoin systems are starting to actually require real-life identification, thanks to high usage of bitcoin in illegal activities. 


Now, this sounds complicated, but apps and programs have hidden tons of this behind an easy-to-use interface that manages all these keys for you. a bit like how you don’t necessarily need to understand routing numbers and your bank’s process to handle transactions, it all just seamlessly works. 


Now earlier i discussed miners, people who work to validate and authenticate these transactions. These people aren’t literally looking attrans actions and saying yes or no, but they’re completing complicated math problems that help to verify transactions and make them secure. Again, way above my head. 


These miners, in exchange for his or her work,get rewarded with new bitcoins that are created, so there’s a financial incentive. Now, this became extremely popular so more people started doing it. 


They started creating computers specifically built to run these programs quickly, and individuals even began to close into “pools”in which they might work as a team and obtain more rewards, to assist compete with tech-heavy businesses which may be mining at a better rate than one individual could compete against. 


Before you dive into eager to become a miner,it can cost thousands of dollars to shop for or build a computer which will do that efficiently and because there are numerous miners now, you’ll be lucky to interrupt albeit you’re just starting. 


Now people are buying bitcoins like crazy lately which means the price of every bitcoin went up. In 2017, an upward spike propelled each bitcoin from a few thousand US dollars each to now over 13,000 US dollars each. this suggests folks that earned early bitcoin shave made some incredible money just by watching these prices skyrocket. 


It’s since dropped again quite significantly,so the ups and downs of this currency are often turbulent. So what are the opposite downsides of bitcoin? Well, I already discussed it’s hard to make money mining and buying a bitcoin now would be extremely expensive. 


Sometimes people also perceive this moneyas “off the grid” but it’s actually money that you simply got to claim on your taxes and failing to try to to so might actually get people charged with evasion. Bitcoin has also been used on the “darkweb” for tons of illegal activities because people think it’s truly anonymous but theFBI has targeted bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies and is watching closely for opportunities to pinpoint an identity for a few of those users. And now let’s believe what businesses actually accept bitcoin… 


Is it possible to use this only? tons of them do, sure, but it’s becoming tricky. In some US states, the fee to simply accept bitcoins is over $5,000 and may be a lengthy contract, which can not be well worth the time. 


There’s also the matter of no insurance or guarantees on these purchases. With a middle-man sort of a bank, they might help refund any money that you’ve lost or has been stolen.


 With bitcoin, if you buy something and the seller doesn’t deliver, albeit it’s malicious, there’s nobody to assist you andthe payment can’t be reversed. Also like i discussed earlier, a technical malfunction and therefore the loss of your private keys may result in money disappearing in a moment. 


So there are tons of ups and downs. For early adopters of bitcoin, this past year has been a wild ride, but newcomers to bitcoin could also be risking tons, especially if they don’t understand all the systems at play. does one think this model of verified public ledgers is sustainable? Does bitcoin have a future? 


Or is it a fad? pontificate within the comments and thanks for watching!